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African Libraries – Museums For Artifacts!

Information Science which is primarily concerned with the analysis, collection, classification, manipulation, storage, retrieval and dissemination of information helped so much in the areas of information preservation. The need to preserve information led to the discovery of libraries. There would have been information chaos had man not come to the discovery of managing information. The word “library” came from a Greek word “liber” meaning, book. Library therefore means a collection of sources of information such as books, audio visuals, etc which are usually kept in a house.

Education which is the bedrock of any nation is dependent on information which can be sourced from the libraries. It is unfortunate that these institutions have been left for so long unattended to, thus jeopardizing information acquisition and its subsequent dissemination. Public libraries in most African countries, which could be a source of invaluable knowledge to users especially students, have over the years suffered total neglect by government at various levels. It is surprising to hear about the huge sums of money allocated to the education sector each year but there is always nothing to show for these allocations.

Because these libraries are owned and funded by the government and their uses, free for all people, adequate attention has not been given to public libraries over the years. Most public libraries do not provide the needed conducive reading environment and are not accessible to their users. Out of sheer ignorance on the parts of some countries’ Educational Ministries they do not see the library as an integral part of learning; hence most libraries today in most of these African countries are nothing more than museums for antiquities, where you readily see books of the 17th, 18th and 19th centuries.

The criteria for selecting those who are saddled with the responsibility of manning the education ministries are a wonder to so many well-meaning people of Africa and beyond. When people who are qualified to hold such sensitive positions are put in place, things will look different in terms of overhauling, rebuilding, rehabilitating and re-equipping these libraries with up-to-date books and even computerize them.

However, it is evident that public libraries which have the functions of acquiring and organizing information materials are in themselves lacking in these areas due to negligence. Libraries, as part of the institutions that emerged to keep track of information, need continuous updating so as to keep interactions and even the business of information acquisition and dissemination booming. It is not surprising that Africa which is the base of civilization is still trotting backwards in these areas information technology. It should be remembered that the earlier we began seeing things in the right perspective, the better it would be for us. When we understand that nothing is truly impossible, our desire for excellence will be achieved. Also, encouraging private participation by way of giving support to private and other special libraries that are open to the general public, can as well be an added advantage.

For Book Publishers Wading Through the Alphabet Soup: Decoding the ISBN, LCCN, Bar Code and More

As a book cover and interior designer, I often receive manuscripts from clients and prospects missing portions of or the entire content of the copyright page. This is the most important page in your book. It contains language that protects your intellectual property; has your copyright date, publishing company contact information, ISBN number and LCCN number.


Some of this information must be obtained in a specific order. The first item on the list to get is your ISBN number (International Standard Book Number). This number is part of a book identification system (sort of like the social security number is for people). Merchants, wholesalers, distributors, libraries, and search engines use this number to locate you, (the publisher) and your book. The ISBN number consists of 13 digits, and you may apply for a single number or set of 10 through Each edition and format (i.e. hard cover, soft cover, e-book, audio book) of your book must have a different number, so if you think you’ll be publishing more books or products, it is wise to buy a set of 10. Packages start at $125. When ordering your ISBN online, once you submit your payment, the number(s) are immediately available to you.


Next up is the LCCN number (Library of Congress Control Number aka Library of Congress Card Number). This is a number assigned to the Library Of Congress bibliographic record of your book. The LCCN number differs from the ISBN number in that an ISBN is assigned to each edition or format of your book while the Library of Congress number is assigned to the work itself.

This is a two-step process and can take anywhere from one to two weeks to complete. To start the LCCN application process, go to The Pre-assigned Control Number program assigns the LCCN number. This is a free service, but you must later mail a published copy of your book to the Library of Congress. Audio books and e-Books are not eligible for LCCN assignment. The LCCN does not copyright your book.


Your copyright is secured automatically when your manuscript is created, and your work is “created” when it is on paper – in book format or not. In general, copyright registration is a legal formality intended to make a public record of the basic facts of a particular copyright. But, registration is not a condition of copyright protection. You may register your work with the US Copyright office online at for $35.

Bar Code

The next item on your list is the bar code. This is the little black and white box with vertical lines that is printed on the back cover of your book. If you plan to sell your book in bookstores or online, you’ll need the barcode so merchants can scan the book for pricing and other information. The ISBN number is imprinted in the graphic, and the price can be embedded or printed above it. Your cover designer may order this for you for $10-$20. Within a few hours, the bar code is emailed as an eps file that the designer inserts into the back cover layout.

Other Content on Copyright Page

Your copyright page should have a simple notation to the copyright date and your name. It can be done with the copyright symbol © or the word “copyright.” It is printed like this:

Copyright 2010, author’s name or publishing company


© 2010, author’s name or publishing company

You should also include a statement regarding copyright infringement. Here is a typical statement:

All rights reserved. No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without prior written permission of the publisher.

Include your publishing company contact information and your website address. You may also add credits to the cover designer, interior page layout designer and editor.

Contact your editor to help you pull together a complete copyright page for a polished professional book.

Joining an Audio Book Club is an Excellent Option For a Book Listener Enthusiast

People who can’t seem to get enough of listening to an assortment of audio books on their favorite player are more than likely to be excellent candidates for membership in an audio book club. These clubs are a great way to stay current with new releases and also to have a nice selection of recorded book titles virtually available at their fingertips.

Audio book downloads that are available through a club membership are great for people who have to deal with long commutes on a daily basis, those who travel frequently, or for anyone who finds themselves waiting in lines or otherwise burning up time, yet would like to be a bit more productive. Audio books on CD or as MP3s are also popular companions for people who love to work out and enjoy exercising their mind while exercising their bodies.

Another type of person that might want to consider joining such a club is someone who gets uncomfortable if they aren’t able to make the most of their time by multi-tasking. Lots of folks get a lot of enjoyment from gardening, knitting, painting, and doing various crafts but sometimes feel a little guilty if they don’t feel they are making the most of every moment.

Listening to an MP3 audio book or CD one gives hobbyists a sense that they are truly maximizing their time by feeding their mind while they also engage in a favorite hobby. Also, sometimes listening to one that relates to their hobby can also help them improve and enhance whatever pastime it is that they are pursuing. Any sizable club that has a good number of members will have a vast library of audio books on CD in MP3 format and members will be able to find titles on just about any fiction or non-fiction topic.

There is some variation in the way that one club will operate compared to another similar club. It is a good idea to carefully read through all of the details of the different audio books clubs that you might be interested in joining, just to be sure that you choose the right one.

For the most part, your membership in such a club will allow you to either download MP3 titles or have CD audio book discs sent to your home. The level of your membership will determine how many books you will have access to on a monthly basis. Some clubs have a fairly narrow focus in the genres and subject matters of audio books that they offer, while others will have recorded books on every topic that is published.

Some of the clubs provide some other additional types of audio content for their members, in addition to an audio library and new audio book releases. Some of this other content includes streaming news audio, TV shows, radio shows, and even podcasts from popular magazines. The best club memberships have so much to offer in their membership libraries that a member will never run out of choices.